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Zen UAV Mission Simulator (Zen UAV Sim)

Zen UAV Mission Simulator (Zen UAV Sim)

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Zen UAV Simulator is a comprehensive system developed to train External Pilots, Internal Pilots, Mission Commanders, Observers/Special payload operators and Image Interpreters.

Key Features

  • Offers basic, mission and operational handling training
  • Lends itself to exercise and evaluation of complete operational procedures of different missions/profiles and payloads
  • Provides individual as well as team training (stand-alone mode for individual training and integrated mode for team training)
  • Trains the operators to handle fault/emergency conditions, bad weather, poor visibility and special payloads like Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI), Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR), Maritime Patrol Radar (MPR), Inverse Synthetic Aperture Radar (ISAR), Communication Intelligence (COMINT) and Electronic Intelligence (ELINT).
  • Assesses the proficiency level of trainees
  • Includes all the features of GCS/LRS/UAV flight and payload functions


The following are the major assemblies:
  • External Pilot Training Station
    1. EPTS Audio Visual System
    2. EPTS Instructor Operating System
  • Internal Crew Training Station
  • ICTS Instructor Operating System
    1. Ground Control Station
      • Observer Console
      • Mission Commander Console
      • Internal Pilot Console
    2. Ground Exploiter Station
      • Radar Manager Console
      • Interpreter / Exploiters Console
      • COMINT Console
      • ELINT Console
  • Server Console
  • Power Distribution Console
  • Power conditioning and UPS system
  • Diesel generator set

External Pilot Instructor Operating System (EP IOS)

  • Generates and controls all the instructor settings and functions
  • Houses the External Pilot Simulator System that provides flight dynamics of UAV and camera views to the projectors
Audio Visual System
  • Employs 4 projectors to display the Runway, its associated markings/objects and UAV on a 2400(H) x 800(V) spherical dome
  • It faithfully reproduces aircraft engine and ambient sound through a 5.1Ch, Audio Amplifier and Speaker system
Flight Control Box: The replicated Flight Control Box (FCB) lets External Pilot to take off and land UAV

Internal Crew Training System (ICTS IOS)

The ICTS provides realistic training facilities for GCS operators in the following areas:
  • Operation of GCS Instrument Bays
  • Flight management and control
  • Emergency/malfunctions
  • Aircraft subsystem indication/operation
  • Real-time Telemetry handling
  • Payload handling (Video FLIR)
  • Navigation tracking system simulation (including range and azimuth for plotter/digital map operation)
  • Operation in different weather conditions
  • Data link System
  • Radio communications
The ICTS also trains the operators to handle:
  • Aircraft system malfunctions/failures
  • Servo-actuator malfunction
  • Sensor malfunctions
  • Data-link failures
  • Station indicator malfunction
  • Station control malfunction
  • Payload malfunctions
  • Desire warning malfunctions
It runs on four monitors. Centre top and bottom monitors display replicated views. The right monitor allows instructor to manage the scenarios, session data, environmental effects, record and replay the session for After Action Review. The left monitor is for scenario building with flight controls and mission management.

Ground Control Station (GCS) Bays

Internal Pilot (IP)/Observer Bay (OB): They are interchangeable. The master-designated bay becomes the Internal Pilot Bay from which the Internal Pilot can navigate the UAV or UAVs.

The other bay (slave) becomes the Observer Bay from which Observer can command the electro optical payloads. However at a time, there can only be one Master and one Slave.

Mission Commander Bay (also User Bay): User Bay works only in integrated mode on a 20" monitor. Pay load functions can be checked when the concerned pay load system uses the User Bay in Slave mode. It allows the user to see the live video of electro optical pay loads, make annotations on the video, take stills of the video and edit the stills. The system also has the feature to enhance the video visuals.

The Flight Line tester (FLT) and Digital Acquisition system (DAS) are simulated on the 15″ screen of the Mission Commander. Only auto test menus are available for FLT. The DAS can display and record all the parameters of the system as received from the Flight Simulator engine.

Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR)/Ground Moving Target Indication (GMTI)

The SAR & GMTI is capable of:
  • SAR/GMTI mission planning, mission monitoring and updating (re-tasking)
  • Scanning SAR Strip Region of Interest (ROI) for fixed-target detection
  • High-resolution Spot interpretation, for fixed-target classification and reporting
  • GMTI surveillance, detection and location of moving targets
The mission planning application allows trainee to:
  • Create, edit and/or update radar mission plan in accordance with the Priority Intelligence Request (PIR) list
  • Monitor, track and control radar operation on-line in accordance with the mission plan in progress
  • Initiate mission plan update(s) on-line, according to local interpretation findings and/or external PIR inputs
  • Interpret SAR imagery or GMTI plots activity stored in database

Maritime Patrol Radar (MPR)

Maritime Patrol Radar (MPR) for UAV is simulated for Air-to-Sea missions. It fulfills the training needs of operators for small targets detection at long range and at high sea. The radar searches, detects and tracks sea and air targets within its field of view. It interfaces with Inertial Navigation System (INS) to receive navigation data.

Modes of operation:

  • Normal Search (NS) mode
  • Weather (WTR) mode
  • Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) Modes - 2 X 2 Kms and 4 X 4 Kms Spot Image
  • Inverse SAR (ISAR) Mode


This application has the features to freeze images of particular interest for further examination and retrieve a stored image from database. It provides scope for detailed exploitation of the of selected images and generates Intelligence reports.

Communication Intelligence (COMINT)

This application allows creation of Electronic Order Of Battle (EOB) by tracking, processing, monitoring and finding the direction of emitter signals. The EOB is capable of displaying simultaneously up to five communication nets while each net displaying unlimited number of emitters.

The primary system allows trainees to:

  • Establish the EOB picture
  • Locate transmitting emitters
  • Attribute emitters to relevant nets
  • Monitor and analyze transmitted audio communication

Electronic Intelligence (ELINT)

This is capable of automatic detection, measurement and identification of radars within 1 to 19 GHz.
  • Locates enemy radars on land and maritime surveillance
  • Finds direction of radars accurately
  • Updates Emitter library: Emitter Parameters Limit(EPL)
  • Interfaces with Navigation systems for aircraft position data (Latitude, Longitude & True-Heading)
  • Simulates integrated automatic built in test